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13 Routers in backbone js – Learning backbone js

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13 Routers in backbone js – Learning backbone js

Posted by Mohit Jain on .

This entry is part 13 of 14 in the series for A Complete Guide for Learning Backbone Js


Agenda

So here we are back on backbone js. I got a lot of feedback emails from the readers telling me how much they are loving the series. Thanks to all of them.

Ok. In this lesson, we will learn routers in backbone js. Routing is pretty awesome in backbone js, if you are ruby on rails developer you will find it pretty simpler to that you are doing in ruby on rails.

What we have till now

Let’s start from a bare bone code ie:

(function(){

  window.App = {
      Models: {},
      Collections: {},
      Views: {},
      Router: {}
  };

})();

Defining a router

A simple Name spaced model, collection, views, and a new one router. So lets define a router ie:

App.Router = Backbone.Router.extend({

});

Defining a root route

Now just for simplicity lets add a root route ie when the page has been loaded.

App.Router = Backbone.Router.extend({
    routes: {
        '': 'index'
    },

    index: function(){
        $(document.body).append("Index route has been called..");
    }

});

So now we need to initiate the router and one thing we need to do is: Enabling backbone history so that backbone starts monitoring hash changes in URL.

(function(){

window.App = {
    Models: {},
    Collections: {},
    Views: {},
    Router: {}
};
App.Router = Backbone.Router.extend({
    routes: {
        '': 'index'
    },
    index: function(){
        $(document.body).append("Index route has been called..");
    }
});

new App.Router;
Backbone.history.start();

})();

So if we open index.html in the browser we will see a string as specified in the browser. Something like this. (Please make sure you check URL from the screenshot ie file://localhost/Users/mohit/projects/codebeerstartups/routes_in_backbonejs/index.html )

routes in backbone js 1

Adding a hash tag route

Ok, lets move ahead and add a route for the hash tag.

App.Router = Backbone.Router.extend({
    routes: {
        '': 'index',
        'show': 'show'
    },

    index: function(){
        $(document.body).append("Index route has been called..");
    },

    show: function(){
        $(document.body).append("Show route has been called..");
    },

});

So if we open index.html in the browser we will see a string as specified in the browser. Something like this. (Please make sure you check URL from the screenshot ie

 file://localhost/Users/mohit/projects/codebeerstartups/routes\_in\_backbonejs/index.html#show )

routes in backbone js 2

Ok, Lets add a better route for the show. Think about this. You want to say show/1 or show/2 or show/3 and based upon the number you want to display something. Here is how you can do something like that.

Passing a param in the route

App.Router = Backbone.Router.extend({
    routes: {
        '': 'index',
        'show/:id': 'show'
    },

    index: function(){
        $(document.body).append("Index route has been called..");
    },

    show: function(id){
        $(document.body).append("Show route has been called.. with id equals : "   id);
    },

});

So if we open index.html in the browser we will see a string as specified in the browser. Something like this. (Please make sure you check URL from the screenshot ie

file://localhost/Users/mohit/projects/codebeerstartups/routes\_in\_backbonejs/index.html#show/3 )

routes in backbone js 3

Ok if I want to specify something like #download/3/12/23 in this case the above id routes will not work. So to handle that, take a look on this.

App.Router = Backbone.Router.extend({
    routes: {
        '': 'index',
        'show/:id': 'show',
        'download/*random': 'download'
    },

    index: function(){
        $(document.body).append("Index route has been called..");
    },

    show: function(id){
        $(document.body).append("Show route has been called.. with id equals : "   id);
    },

    download: function(random){
        $(document.body).append("download route has been called.. with random equals : "   random);
    }

});

So if we open index.html in a browser we will see a string as specified in the browser. Something like this. (Please make sure you check URL from the screenshot ie

    file://localhost/Users/mohit/projects/codebeerstartups/routes\_in\_backbonejs/index.html#download/3/12/23 )

routes in backbone js 4

Another useful route that I feel most of the application need is for search and last is default route in case nothing is specified that one will be called.

App.Router = Backbone.Router.extend({
    routes: {
        '': 'index',
        'show/:id': 'show',
        'download/*random': 'download',
        'search/:query': 'search',
        '*default': 'default'
    },

    index: function(){
        $(document.body).append("Index route has been called..");
    },

    show: function(id){
        $(document.body).append("Show route has been called.. with id equals : "   id);
    },

    download: function(random){
        $(document.body).append("download route has been called.. with random equals : "   random);
    },

    search: function(query){
        $(document.body).append("Search route has been called.. with query equals : "   query);
    },

    default: function(default){
        $(document.body).append("This route is not handled.. you tried to access: "   default);

    }

});

You can try this for search URL ie:

file://localhost/Users/mohit/projects/codebeerstartups/routes\_in\_backbonejs/index.html#search/my_query

and to check default route here is one example.

file://localhost/Users/mohit/projects/codebeerstartups/routes\_in\_backbonejs/index.html#junk

That’s all for this lesson ie routers in backbone js.


Source code

If you are facing any issues. Check out the source code files at github. I will be creating more and more directories in the same repo regarding each post. Still, if you have any doubts you can comment on the blog post itself and I will try to reply back asap.

user

Mohit Jain

http://codebeerstartups.com

Rails Developer